What is Indica?

February 8, 2019

What is Indica Cannabis?

Originating from India, cannabis Indica is an annual plant belonging to the Cannabaceae family. It is one of the most popular species of the cannabis plant and has quite a lot of health benefits. While it does have a lot of similarities with cannabis sativa, the Indica kind presents a different range of effects as a result of its Cannabidiol to Tetrahydrocannabinol ratio.

Its short, bushy and dense growth pattern results from the harsh and often variable atmospheric weather conditions in which it grows. Cannabis Indica is known to thrive in warm summers and extremely cold winters. Its wide and broad leaves are not its only defining qualities as all strains of the Indica specie have a particularly unique relaxation effect that brings a specific range of health benefits.

Differences between Cannabis Indica and Cannabis sativa

As two of the most popular strains of Cannabis, the two species often get mixed up with each other. However, their differences vary from appearance to chemical composition and even effect on human health.

While the Indica type tends to grow shorter with bushier leaves, the sativa specie will typically grow with longer leaves and thinner blades. Typically, the buds of the Indica specie appear to be thick and wide while the sativa often grow with longer shaped flowers. Another highly important differing factor is in their chemical compositions. While cannabis Indica has a lower CBD to THC ratio, cannabis sativa has been proven to have more CBD in comparison to THC. Needless to say, this greatly affects their use for both medicinal and recreational purposes.

It is important to understand that these chemical compositions are not always set in stone as research has shown that these chemical profiles would often cross over with different strains. This means that the most accurate way to differentiate each cannabis type form the other would be its physical appearance.

Effects of cannabis

Typically, the effects of cannabis Indica very form individual to individual and would often differ depending in the method of ingestion. As a result of its powerful stimulating effect, it is not advisable to consume cannabis Indica before operating heavy machinery. It is also important to know that cannabis Indica could interfere with any drugs you might be taking, especially pain relievers and anti-stimulants.One of the most common effects of cannabis Indica is an altered perception that leads to a very euphoric state. This means that the consumption of cannabis Indica would often lead to states of relaxed euphoria and an uninhibited “high”.Another profound effect is an improved appetite and an impaired coordination of the body. This is often accompanied by an enhanced sense of smell, taste and even sight. When ingested, the effect can be felt in a few minutes and would often reach maximum potency in 30 minutes. The reactive component is highly fat-soluble which creates a potential for slow release over longer periods of time as they can be stored in fat cells and released slowly over time.

While cannabis Indica is a regulated substance under the controlled substance act, there is a lot of debate concerning its advantageous effects to treat certain health problems. Most of these discussions are centered around its addictive properties thereby creating quite a lot of controversy. However, research has shown that cannabis Indica and other species of the plant are indeed highly potent against a wide range of health problems and may be very helpful in treating certain chronic conditions.

Health benefits of Indica


Cannabis Indica provides a wide range of relieving properties to a number of ailments. This has slowly created a paradigm shift around the plant that has created a wave of legislation around the United States. More than 20 states in total have legalized the use of medical cannabis and this number keeps increasing. Here a few vital health benefits of cannabis Indica;

  • Treatment of Glaucoma
    Perhaps one of its most popular medical uses, cannabis Indica and cannabis sativa have proven highly effective in slowing down the progression of glaucoma. Glaucoma is an eye disease that damages the option nerves in the eyes through an increase in pressure thereby resulting in blindness. Research has shown however, that when ingested, cannabis has the effect of reducing intra-ocular pressure thereby slowing the progression and preventing blindness in patients.
  • Effective in preventing seizures
    The component THC present in cannabis Indica has shown to be effective in helping to prevent epileptic seizures. It performs this action by binding to the brains receptors thereby regulating normal relaxation and excitability.
  • Relives anxiety
    Cannabis Indica is known to be particularly relaxing as opposed to its more energy inducing counterpart, cannabis sativa. This also makes it very powerful in relieving pain and suppressing nausea. Cannabis Indica has been proven to help people suffering from anxiety as it acts as a mood booster and a sedative in small doses.
  • Relives pain from multiple sclerosis and arthritis
    Cannabis Indica is a nerve relaxing agent. This potent pain relieving effect makes it effective in helping to abate the pain from muscle spasms. Reports from Patients suffering from arthritis and multiple sclerosis has indicated that it helped to reduce inflammation and reduce the discomfort that comes with the pain.
  • May improve cognitive ability
    While there isn’t sufficient evidence to support this. Cannabis Indica has the effect of releasing dopamine into the brain thereby lifting certain inhibitions and creating a relaxed feeling allowing more room for creativity.
  • Helps in the treatment of Crohn’s disease
    Consuming cannabis Indica has shown to be helpful in not only reducing the symptoms of Crohn’s diseases but in slowly healing the progression entirely. Crohn’s disease is a painful inflammatory disorder that occurs in the gut with common symptoms like weight loss, vomiting, diarrhea and so much more. The cannabinoids present in cannabis Indica helps to promote intestinal function and helps to regulate gut bacteria.
  • Slows down the progression of Alzheimer’s disease
    THC, the active chemical in cannabis Indica delays the formation of the plaques which are the causative factors for Alzheimer’s. By blocking the formation of these amyloid plaques, cannabis Indica helps to keep the brain cells healthy thereby keeping Alzheimer’s at bay.

While the health benefits of cannabis Indica are many, it important to know that it is strictly prohibited in many states and would require a prescription to be acquired from licensed vendors. Therefore, endeavor to speak with a physician before attempting to purchase to know what the state laws are concerning purchase in your region. Lots of studies are still being conducted on the potency of cannabis Indica in the treatment of other health conditions and with time, we believe that there will be a lot more discoveries made on the uses and medical relevance of cannabis Indica.